ZEV: roadmap to reduce carbon emissions
The use of ZEV (zero-emissions vehicle) is one of the fundamental pillars of the sustainable agenda. In this regard, the European Commission (2021) has set as a target the reduction of 55% of carbon emissions by 2030. While it raises a ban on the sale of vehicles with combustion engines starting 2035.
At this point, electric mobility becomes a necessity to ensure the energetic transition. Below, you will learn five myths and truths about ZEV.
ZEV: General Definitions
The Directorate-General for Traffic (DGT) defines as electric cars those vehicles that have the following characteristics:
- They maintain a minimum range of 40 kilometers.
- Driven only by one or more electric motors powered by a pack of batteries.
- They do not generate greenhouse gases.
- They require an outdoor charging system.
ZEV: Socio-Economic News
ZEV vehicles have gained certain legal and commercial advantages:
- The European Commission’s electricity transport plan contemplates energetic massification starting in 2035. An electric and hydrogen refueling station every 60 and 150 kilometers, respectively. The Government of Spain will allocate about 13,200 million euros from the European funds ‘Next Generation EU’ in the Sustainable, Safe and Connected Mobility strategy, of which about 6,536 million euros will be directed to the sustainable mobility emergency plan.
- The electric car market grew by 1.7% in 2020 despite the impact of the pandemic.
- Europe recorded 43% of sales of electric cars globally in 2020 or 1.4 million units. The countries with the highest representation are Norway (74.8%), Iceland (45%) and Sweden (32.2%).
- Purchasing influence factors include new models, subsidies, emissions regulations, and promotions.
ZEV: 4 Myths and Their Truths
There are many myths around ZEV, most of them derived from disinformation:
- Low efficiency: It is often thought that the electric car does not cover great distances. However, it can travel between 250-300 kilometers with a single recharge. Even more, high-end models reach 500 kilometers.
- High cost: new models are becoming more economical. A 30-kWh battery has a 10-year warranty. In addition, only a periodic service of the cabin filters and traction system is required. The costs of maintaining the combustion engine are therefore eliminated.
- Lack of infrastructure: much is said about the alleged supply limitation. The truth is that charging points increase exponentially. For example, Iberdrola plans to install 150,000 charging points over a period of 4 years in Spain. Targets include ultra-fast charging points (350 kW) every 200 kilometers, super-fast charging points (150 kW) every 100 kilometers and fast charging points (50 kW) every 50 kilometers.
- It lacks speed and power: the electric car is mistakenly assumed to be slow. Evidence shows that it has the capacity to exceed 120 km / h like any other car. In fact, the acceleration is superior to a combustion vehicle with a range of 0-100 km / h in 4 seconds.
So far, governments and private companies are making a major effort to articulate energy transformation. Now, the commitment lies with citizens, who must be open to new forms of mobility. A well-informed citizen about the ZEV is a citizen ready to join the green agenda. ¡Move on green!
ReferencesABC Motor. (28 de enero de 2019). Mitos y verdades sobre el coche eléctrico. ABC Motor.
Alós, Víctor. (12 de diciembre de 2019). Mitos, medias verdades y mentiras sobre los coches eléctricos. Highmotor.
Bannon, Eoin. (20 de noviembre de 2020). Nuevo escándalo de emisiones: las pruebas en condiciones reales demuestran que los vehículos híbridos enchufables contaminan más de lo que afirman sus fabricantes. Transport & Environment.
De Miguel, B., Pellicer, Ll., Planelles, M. (14 de julio de 2021). La Comisión Europea fija para 2035 el fin de la venta de coches de combustión. El País.
Dirección General de Tránsito (DGT). (2015). Instrucción 15/V-110. Dirección General de Tránsito (DGT).
Galán, David. (17 de marzo de 2020). Iberdrola redobla sus esfuerzos en el coche eléctrico: promete contar con 150.000 puntos de recarga en 5 años. Motor Pasión.
Hernandez, Luis. (9 de enero de 2020). Los mitos sobre los autos eléctricos que no son verdad. Autocosmos.
Sanz, Elena. (20 de enero de 2021). Europa desbanca a China y lidera la carrera de los coches eléctricos. AutoBild.es.