Electric distribution: panorama and options of renewable energies
If you are interested in knowing how the electric distribution of renewable energies occurs, then you can read this article because here we will explain the concept by addressing its panorama, importance, and solutions or alternatives to possible challenges.
What is electric distribution
Electric distribution is the transport of electric energy wherein the energy goes from the production plants to consumption points (homes, premises, etc.). Then, electric power travels from the plants and generators through aerial cables covered with insulating layers and placed in metal towers.
In this electric distribution network, the transmitters contain high and lower voltage because this ensures the energy optimally reaches consumers. In this way, An electric distribution line is also made of transformation substations, in turn, made of transformers, control, and protection equipment.
Why electric distribution is so essential for energy supply
The electric distribution network is one of the best ways to deliver electric power to homes and businesses. This is done with safety and quality because it involves a complete process connecting long distances -from generators to consummers. Then, the electric networks must function as an integrating agent. Therefore, those distributing it must make digital and automation changes and investments in new infrastructures.
All this will allow the electrical system to adapt to its challenges. Some of these challenges are the incorporation of 60 GW of new renewable generation facilities, more active management of demand in various sectors, and more integration of the distributed generation or the promotion of electric vehicles.
7 solutions to improve electric energy distribution by applying technological innovation
1. Accumulation of electricity
First, batteries or other energy storage systems accumulate unused energy and save it for later. For instance, artificial intelligence improves weather or energy consumption prediction systems. Thus, utility companies can better plan the electricity needs of their customers. Furthermore, smart energy management solutions can make green energy a reliable alternative to fossil fuels.
2. Decentralization of energy
Decentralization is about changing the production of electricity in some large power plants to a system of small local energy sources. In this way, the electric distribution ensure that power is consumed as close to its source as possible, even in individual residential buildings.
3. Increased energy self-sufficiency
Backup sources, such as batteries, offer long-lasting protection during power outages because they contribute to power generation and ensure the essential equipment’s continuous operation. Then, a delivery point can store renewable energy for later use.
4. Smart grids
Smart grids are online connections from solar panels, batteries, electric vehicle chargers, etc. By analyzing “big data” collected in real-time, the reaction time to changes in the electric distribution network accelerates. Thus, a stable and high-quality power supply can also be ensured. Devices can shed unused power to other equipment needing it.
5. Local energy production
Local energy production and consumption reduce the amount of electricity distributed through the power grid. Therefore, transmission losses are lower, and less loaded power lines last longer.